出离   林钰堂 

 

 

佛法的修行为甚么要提倡「出离」?

一般而言,是因为世间的牵绊及杂染太多;修行者若能离开这样的环境,才可能专心致力于修法及以佛法服务大众。

根本上来说,则是因为众生本来是佛,本来心性无限无拘;目前所以不得自在,主要是由于习性所成的种种执着,使有情生活在种种的自我限制中。因此修行的过程也可看成冲破层层自限的经历。

因此,「出离」的根本在于从「自限」中突破。但是自限难以自觉;即使察觉也往往无力不受拘束。所以要藉由修行佛法来恢复本来清净。

若能明了自己的本性本来没有丝毫滞碍,而随时不加任何成见及存心,其实是可能顿时出离一切拘绊而立即融入一切一体的。

一般难以一下完全「出离」,所以教以「念佛往生」,希望能渐渐回归本净。若能心中一下完全「出离」,便是「顿悟」。

 

 

二○一七年七月廿七日
养和斋    于加州


 

 

Renunciation

Yutang Lin

Why do Dharma practices emphasize and encourage ″renunciation″?

Generally speaking, it is because worldly bondages and pollutions are too variegated; if a Dharma practitioner can stay away from such environments, then it would be more likely for devoted concentration in Dharma practices and services to build up.

Fundamentally speaking, it is because sentient beings are innate Buddhas with boundless and limitless nature; right now, they are under the bondage of all sorts of sufferings, mainly due to all sorts of mental grasping, developed by habitual tendencies, that induced sentient beings to live within all sorts of self-set limitations. Hence, the progress of Dharma practices may also be looked upon as a sequence of experiences of breaking through layers over layers of self-set limitations.

Thus, basically ″renunciation″ lies in breaking through ″self-set limitations.″ However, self-set limitations are difficult to discern by oneself; and even if some are noticed, often it is beyond one′s capacity to be free from their bondages. Hence, we need to rely on Dharma practices to gradually regain our original purity.

If one could thoroughly comprehend that one′s original nature is originally without any trace of hindrances, and hence sustain a mental state free from all preconceptions and intentions, then it is actually possible to renounce instantly all bondages and immediately merge into all-in-oneness.

Ordinarily it is difficult for one to achieve thorough ″renunciation″ instantaneously, and hence the teaching on repeating ″Amitabha″ to gain rebirth in Pureland is given, with the hope that the practitioners may thereby gradually regain their original purity. If one could instantaneously attain thorough ″renunciation,″ then it will amount to ″instant awakening.″

 

Written in Chinese and translated into English on July 27, 2017
El Cerrito, California


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